Home Dates London Date Letters Click on the letter you want to virtuelle online-flirtspiel or on a date letter cycle column in the table below british date marks silver see a larger view scroll down for earlier dates: It has been in operation since the s when a law of Edward I required all silver sold in England to be of judische partnersuche least the same quality as the silver currency hence the term "sterling" for the silver standard.
Originally the assayer would visit the workshops of the gold- and silversmiths to perform the assay. If items passed they were authenticated with the King's mark, a leopard's head. By it was deemed more practical for items to be brought to Goldsmiths Hall for assay and a permanent assay office was established there. This is the origin of the term "hallmark". In the leopard's singles stadtallendorf mark was adopted as the mark of the London British date marks silver Office.
A letter mark coinciding with the date of assay was first introduced in London in Originally it signified the Assay Master responsible for testing and marking the silver. The date letters were changed on the day that the Goldsmith's Guild wardens were elected, originally St Dunstan's Day 19 May flirten 38 the Restoration and 29 May thereafter.
The Hallmarking Act of brought the remaining 4 British Assay Offices London, Birmingham, Sheffield and Edinburgh into line with each other with the date letter now british date marks silver from on 1 January each year.
This is generally not done today. Although there are many books on the market which can be used to help read hallmarks, the standard book of reference, used by dealers and collectors world wide is Bradbury's Book of Hallmarks. It is regularly updated as we find and photograph new examples of silver hallmarks and makers' marks. The United States has never used hallmarks per se. That means that not only is the font and shield different depending on the town, but also the letter. If you are unable to identify the assay office from one of the town marks below you may have a piece of imported silver. ABOVE ALL ENSURE THAT YOU ARE DEALING WITH A REPUTABLE DEALER Credit: On English silver, the lion passant walking lion is the symbol for sterling silver If there are several pieces in the set do they all carry the same hallmarks? It is a form of consumer protection, whose origin goes back almost years. Sterling silver hallmark etching and engraving have been in use in England and France since the 14th century. Armed with this book, the process of reading these marks can be split into the 5 simple steps shown below. The original purpose of this letter was not to record the year in which the piece was assayed, but to identify the Assay Master who was appointed annually in May so that he could be called to account if he passed lower grade silver as sterling. Sheffield and Birmingham, which both began assaying silver in , are the only cities outside of London whose assay offices are still working. However if the guidelines in this article are followed then the buyer will have a sound base from which to act. Beginning in and new system was instituted in which each assay office stamped its own symbol as the import mark, this replaced the town mark. DATE LETTERS The date letter system was introduced in London in elsewhere as the hallmarking system evolved. After , the head was turned from full face to profile the lion passant.
Very useful introduction into silver hallmarking in England. Looking into the symbols; Maker's Mark, Assay Mark, Date Letter, the Sterling Mark and the Duty. a widely illustrated guide to London silver assay marks, marks and hallmarks of British silver, including date letters chart, silver marking system and silver. British & Irish hallmarks with date letters, indexed by Assay Office. Most extensive internet resource for research of Silver marks, Hallmarks & Maker's Marks - British Hallmarks.